Publications

Keith Bridwell, MD Keith Bridwell, MD
J. Albert Key Distinguished Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery
Professor of Neurological Surgery
Founder, Washington University Spine Fellowship
Founder, Pediatric/Adult Spinal Deformity Service
Principal Investigator, NIH/RO1 (AR055176-01A2) - A Multi-Centered Prospective Study of Quality of Life in Adult Scoliosis

 


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Selected Publications

Bridwell KH, Betz RR, Capelli AM, Huss G, Harvey C.  Sagittal plane analysis in idiopathic scoliosis patients treated with Cotrel-Dubousset instrumentation. Spine 1990;15(7):644-649.

Bridwell KH, O'Brien MF, Lenke LG, Baldus C, Blanke KM.  Posterior spinal fusion supplemented with only allograft bone in paralytic scoliosis: does it work?  Spine 1994;19(3): 2658-2666.

Bridwell KH.  Surgical treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: the basics and the controversies.  Spine 1994;19(9):1095-1100.

Bridwell KH, Baldus C, Iffrig TM, Lenke LG, Blanke KM.  Process measures and patient/ parent evaluation of surgical management of spinal deformities in patients with progressive flaccid neuromuscular (Duchenne's muscular dystrophy and spinal muscular atrophy).  Spine 1999;24(13):1300-1309.

Molinari RW, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Ungacta F, Riew KD.  Complication in the surgical treatment of pediatric high-grade, isthmic dysplastic spondylolisthesis: a comparison of three surgical approaches.  Spine 1999;24(16):1701-1711.

Bridwell KH.  Surgical treatment of idiopathic adolescent scoliosis.  Spine 1999;24(24):2607-2616.

Bridwell KH, Hanson DS, Rhee JM, Lenke LG, Baldus C, Blanke K.  Correction of thoracic idiopathic adolescent scoliosis with segmental hooks, rods, Wisconsin wires posteriorly: it's bad and obsolete, correct?  Spine 2002;27(18):2059-2066.

Bridwell KH, Lewis SJ, Lenke LG, Baldus C, Blanke K.  Pedicle subtraction osteotomy for the treatment of fixed sagittal imbalance.  J Bone Joint Surg [Am] 2003;85(3):454-463.

Kim YJ, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Cho K, Edwards II C, Rinella AS.  Pseudarthrosis in adult spinal deformity following multisegmental instrumentation and arthrodesis.  J Bone Joint Surg [Am] 2006;88(4):721-728.

Bridwell KHDecision making regarding Smith-Petersen vs. pedicle subtraction osteotomy vs. vertebral column resection for spinal deformity.  Spine 2006;31(19S):S171-S178.

Bridwell K (ed), Anderson PA, Boden SD, Vaccaro VR, Wang JC.  What's new in spine surgery.  J Bone Joint Surg [Am] 2007;89:1654-1663.

Bridwell KH, Betz RR, Capelli AM, Huss G, Harvey C. Sagittal plane analysis in idiopathic scoliosis patients treated with Cotrel-Dubousset instrumentation. Spine 1990;15(7):644-649.

Bridwell KH, O'Brien MF, Lenke LG, Baldus C, Blanke KM. Posterior spinal fusion supplemented with only allograft bone in paralytic scoliosis: does it work? Spine 1994;19(3): 2658-2666.

Bridwell KH. Surgical treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: the basics and the controversies. Spine 1994;19(9):1095-1100.

Bridwell KH, Baldus C, Iffrig TM, Lenke LG, Blanke KM. Process measures and patient/ parent evaluation of surgical management of spinal deformities in patients with progressive flaccid neuromuscular (Duchenne's muscular dystrophy and spinal muscular atrophy). Spine 1999;24(13):1300-1309.

Molinari RW, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Ungacta F, Riew KD. Complication in the surgical treatment of pediatric high-grade, isthmic dysplastic spondylolisthesis: a comparison of three surgical approaches. Spine 1999;24(16):1701-1711.

Bridwell KH. Surgical treatment of idiopathic adolescent scoliosis. Spine 1999;24(24):2607-2616.

Bridwell KH, Hanson DS, Rhee JM, Lenke LG, Baldus C, Blanke K. Correction of thoracic idiopathic adolescent scoliosis with segmental hooks, rods, Wisconsin wires posteriorly: it's bad and obsolete, correct? Spine 2002;27(18):2059-2066.

Bridwell KH, Lewis SJ, Lenke LG, Baldus C, Blanke K. Pedicle subtraction osteotomy for the treatment of fixed sagittal imbalance. J Bone Joint Surg [Am] 2003;85(3):454-463.

Kim YJ, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Cho K, Edwards II C, Rinella AS. Pseudarthrosis in adult spinal deformity following multisegmental instrumentation and arthrodesis. J Bone Joint Surg [Am] 2006;88(4):721-728.

Bridwell KH. Decision making regarding Smith-Petersen vs. pedicle subtraction osteotomy vs. vertebral column resection for spinal deformity. Spine 2006;31(19S):S171-S178.

Bridwell K (ed), Anderson PA, Boden SD, Vaccaro VR, Wang JC. What's new in spine surgery. J Bone Joint Surg [Am] 2007;89:1654-1663.

Andersson GBJ, Bridwell KH, Danielsson A, Dolan LA, Everett CR, Fisher CG, Mercado E, Mulpuri K, Richards BS, Rubery PT, Sponseller PD, Weinstein JN.  Evidence-based medicine summary statement.  Spine 2007;32(19S):S64-S65

Bridwell KH, Berven S, Edwards, II Charles, Glassman S, Hamill C, Schwab F. The problems and limitations of applying evidence-based medicine to primary surgical treatment of adult spinal deformity. Spine 2007;32 (19S):S135-S139

Kim YJ, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Cheh G, Baldus C. Results of lumbar pedicle subtraction osteotomies for fixed sagittal imbalance: a minimum 5-year follow-up study.  Spine 2007;32(20):2189-2197

Bridwell KH, Berven S, Glassman S, Hamill C, Horton WC III, Schwab F, Baldus C, Shainline M. Is the SRS-22 instrument responsive to change in adult scoliosis patients having primary spinal deformity surgery?  Spine 2007;32(20):2220-2225

Buchowski JM, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Lehman Jr. RA, Kuhns CA, Kim YJ, Stewart D, Baldus C. Neurologic complications of lumbar pedicle subtraction osteotomy: a ten-year assessment.  Spine 2007;32(20): 2245-2252

Cheh G, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Buchowski JM, Daubs MD, Kim Y,Baldus C. Adjacent segment disease following lumbar/thoracolumbar fusion with pedicle screw instrumentation: a minimum 5 year follow-up.  Spine 2007;32(20):2253-2257

Okubadejo GO, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Buchowski JM, Fang D, Baldus CR, Nielsen CH, Lee CC. Aprotinin may decrease blood loss in complex adult spinal deformity surgery, but it may also increase the risk of acute renal failure.  Spine 2007;32(20):2265-2271

Kim YJ, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Rhim S, Kim Y. Is the T9, T11, or L1 the more reliable proximal level following adult lumbar/lumbosacral instrumented fusion to L5 or S1?  Spine 2007;32(24):2653-2661

Kuhns CA, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Amor C, Lehman RA, Buchowski JM, Edwards C II, Baldus C.  Thoraco-lumbar deformity arthrodesis stopping at L5: fate of the L5-S1 disc, minimum 5-year follow-up. Spine 2007; 32(24):2771-2776

Bridwell KH (ed), Anderson PA, Boden SD, Vaccaro VR, Wang JC. What’s new in spine surgery.  J Bone Joint Surg Am 2008;90:1609-1619

Watanabe K, Bridwell KH, Kim YJ, Watanabe K, Kim Y, Kim YB, Hensley M, Stobbs G, Lenke LG.  Comparison of radiographic outcomes for the treatment of scoliotic curves greater than 100 degrees:  wires versus hooks versus screws.  Spine 2008;33(10):1084-1092

Mulconrey DS, Bridwell KH, Flynn J, Cronen GA, Rose PS. Bone morphogenetic protein (rhBMP-2) as a substitute for iliac crest bone graft in multilevel adult spinal deformity surgery: minimum 2-year evaluation of fusion.  Spine 2008;33(20):2153-2159

Kim YJ, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Glattes CR, Rhim S, Cheh G. Proximal junctional kyphosis in adult spinal deformity following segmental posterior spinal instrumentation and fusion: minimum 5-year follow-up.  Spine 2008;33(20):2179-2184

Baldus C, Bridwell K, Harrast J, Edwards II C, Glassman S, Horton W, Lenke L, Lowe T, Mardjetko S, Ondra S, Schwab F, Shaffrey C. Age-gender matched comparison of SRS instrument scores between adult deformity and normal adults: are all SRS domains disease specific?  Spine 2008;33(20):2214-2218

Rose PS, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Cronen GA, Mulconrey DS, Kim YJ. Role of pelvic incidence, thoracic kyphosis, and patient factors on sagittal plane correction following pedicle subtraction osteotomy.  Spine 2009; 34(8):785-791

Buchowski JM, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Good C. Epidural spinal cord compression with neurologic deficit associated with intrapedicular application of FloSeal during pedicle screw insertion. Spine 2009;34(13):E473-E477

Bridwell K (ed), Anderson PA, Boden SD, Vaccaro VR, Wang JC. What’s new in spine surgery.  J Bone Joint Surg Am 2009;91:1822-1834

O’Leary PT, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Good CR, Pichelmann MA, Buchowski JM, Kim YJ, Flynn J. Risk factors and outcomes for catastrophic failures at the top of long pedicle screw constructs (FPSC): a matched cohort analysis performed at a single center.  Spine 2009;34(20):2134-2139

Baldus CR, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Okubadejo GO. Can we safely reduce blood loss during lumbar pedicle subtraction osteotomy procedures using tranexamic acid or aprotinin? A comparative study with controls. Spine 2010;35(2):235-239

Buchowski JM, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG. Management of posttraumatic kyphosis after thoracolumbar injuries. Seminars in Spine Surg 2010;22:92-102

Chang MS, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Cho W, Baldus C, Auerbach JD, Crawford III CH, O’Shaughnessy BA. Predicting the outcome of selective thoracic fusion in false double major lumbar “C” cases with five- to twenty-four-year follow-up. Spine 2010;35(24):2128-2133

Crawford III CH, Bridwell KH, Cho W, Buchowski JM, O’Shaughnessy BA, Chang MS, Auerbach JD. Extension of prior idiopathic scoliosis fusion to the sacrum: a matched cohort analysis of 65 patients with minimum 2-year follow-up. Spine 2010;35(20):1843-1848

Bridwell KH, Baldus C, Berven S, Edwards II C, Glassman S, Hamill C, Horton W, Lenke LG, Ondra S, Schwab F, Shaffrey C, Wootten D. Changes in radiographic and clinical outcomes with primary treatment adult spinal deformity surgeries from two years to three- to five-years follow-up. Spine 2010;35(20):1849-1854

Bridwell K (ed), Anderson PA, Boden SD, Vaccaro VR, Wang JC.  What’s new in spine surgery.  J Bone Joint Surg Am 2010;92:2017-2028

Baldus C, Bridwell K, Harrast J, Shaffrey C, Ondra S, Lenke L, Schwab F, Mardjetko S, Glassman S, Edwards II C, Lowe T, Horton W, Polly Jr. D. The Scoliosis Research Society health-related quality of life (SRS-30) age-gender normative data: an analysis of 1346 adult subjects unaffected by scoliosis. Spine 2011; 36(14):1154-1162

Cho SK, Stoker GE, Bridwell KH. Spinal reconstruction using pedicle screw-based instrumentation and rhBMP-2 in neurofibromatosis patients with severe dural ectasia and spinal deformity: two case reports and a review of the literature.  J Bone Joint Surg Am 2011;93:e86(1-8)

Bridwell K (ed), Anderson PA, Boden SD, Vaccaro VR, Wang JC.  What’s new in spine surgery.  J Bone Joint Surg Am 2011;93(16):1560-1566

Cho SK, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Cho W, Zebala LP, Pahys JM, Kang MM, Yi J-S, Baldus CR. Comparative analysis of clinical outcome and complications in primary vs. revision adult scoliosis surgery. Spine 2012;37(5): 393-401

Cho SK, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Yi J-S, Pahys JM, Zebala LP, Kang MM, Cho W, Baldus CR. Major complications in revision adult deformity surgery: risk factors and clinical outcomes with two- to seven-year follow-up.  Spine 2012;37(6):489-500

O’Shaughnessy BA, Bridwell KH, Cho W, Baldus C, Chang MS, Auerbach JD, Crawford CH. Does a long fusion “T3-sacrum” portend a worse outcome than a short fusion “T10-sacrum” in primary adult scoliosis surgery? Spine 2012;37(10):884-890

Kim HJ, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Park MS, Ahmad A, Song K-S, Piyaskulkaew C, Hershman S, Fogelson J, Mesfin A. Proximal junctional kyphosis results in inferior SRS pain subscores in adult deformity patients. Spine 2013;38(11):896-901

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Dr. Bridwell’s Office Locations

Center for Advanced Medicine (CAM)

Barnes Jewish Hospital

4921 Parkview Place

St Louis, MO 63110

Disclaimer

The Department of Orthopaedic Surgery at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis has no control over third-party websites and does not review such websites. The university disclaims any responsibility for the content of third-party websites and the use of any information on these sites.