Jeffrey Johnson, MD

Jeffrey Johnson, MD

Professor, Orthopaedic Surgery

Chief, Foot and Ankle Service

Director, Foot and Ankle Fellowship Program

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(314) 514-3500

After college at Duke University and medical school at Georgetown University, Dr. Johnson served an internship at the U.S. Public Health Service Hospital in San Francisco as a commissioned officer. He then practiced Family Medicine in Sandstone, Minnesota. He served an orthopaedic surgery residency at the Mayo Clinic in his hometown of Rochester, Minnesota. Following residency, he was a fellow in Foot and Ankle Surgery at the University of Texas, Houston, under the direction of Donald E. Baxter, M.D. He joined the full-time faculty in the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery at the Medical College of Wisconsin in Milwaukee where he served from 1989 until his appointment to the full-time faculty at Washington University School of Medicine in 1986.

Currently, Dr. Johnson is a Professor of Orthopedic Surgery, Chief of the Foot and Ankle Service and Director of the Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Fellowship Program at Barnes-Jewish Hospital at Washington University Medical Center. He is also on the consulting staff of the Shriners Hospital for Children in St. Louis.

Dr. Johnson serves as President-elect on the Board of Directors of the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society, a 2,200 member national organization of board certified orthopaedic surgeons who specialize in the surgical and nonsurgical treatment of all types of foot and ankle disorders.

Common Diagnoses Treated

  • Acquired adult flatfoot deformity
  • Arthritis of the ankle, hindfoot, midfoot and forefoot
  • Diabetic foot complications (ulcer, infection, Charcot fractures)
  • Mal-unions, non-unions and traumatic arthritis following injury to the ankle and foot
  • Neuromuscular foot and ankle deformities following stroke and nerve diseases, including foot drop Bunions and hammertoes; Tendonitis and tendon ruptures of the ankle and foot
  • Sports injuries and fractures of the ankle and foot

Common Procedures

  • Achilles tendon repair
  • Ankle
  • Ankle and subtalar joint arthroscopy
  • Ankle ligament reconstruction
  • Correction of bunion deformity
  • Correction of cavus-foot deformity
  • Correction of flatfoot deformity
  • Correction of hammertoe deformity
  • Extra corporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) for chronic plantar fascitis
  • Hindfoot and Midfoot fusions
  • Tendo Achilles lengthening
  • Tendon transfers
  • Total ankle replacement

Clinical Office Locations

  • Center for Advanced Medicine (CAM)

    Barnes Jewish Hospital

    4921 Parkview Place

    St Louis, MO 63110

  • Washington University Orthopedics / Chesterfield

    14532 S. Outer Forty Drive

    Chesterfield, MO 63017

  • Shriners Hospital for Children

    4400 Clayton Ave.

    St Louis, MO 63110

Hospital Affiliations

  • Barnes-Jewish Hospital
  • Shriners Hospital for Children

Academic Office Mailing Address

  • Washington University School of Medicine

    Campus Box 8233

    660 Euclid Avenue

    Saint Louis, MO 63110

  • Klein SE, Chu J, McCormick JJ, Johnson JE: Evaluation of peripheral neuropathy of unknown origin in an outpatient foot and ankle practice. Foot Ankle Intl, Accepted Mar 2015.
  • Luk PC, Johnson JE, McCormick JJ, Klein SE: First metatarsophalangeal joint arthrodesis technique with interposition allograft bone block. Foot Ankle Intl, Accepted Feb 2015.
  • Manske MC, McKeon KE, Johnson JE, McCormick JJ, Klein SE: Arterial Anatomy of the Tibialis Posterior Tendon. Foot Ankle Intl, 2015;36(4):436-443.
  • Hastings MK, Woodburn J, Mueller MJ, Strube MJ, Johnson JE, Sinacore DR: Kinematics and Kinetics of Single-Limb Heel Rise in Diabetes Related Medial Column Foot Deformity, Clinical Biomech. 2014;29(9)1016-22.
  • Gelber JR, Sinacore DR, Strube MJ, Mueller MJ , Johnson JE, Prior FW, Hastings MK: Windlass mechanism in individuals with diabetes mellitus, peripheral neuropathy and low medial longitudinal arch height, Foot Ankle Intl, 2014;35(8):816-24.
  • Johnson JE, McCormick JJ: Modified oblique Keller capsular interposition arthroplasty (MOKCIA) for treatment of late-stage hallux rigidus, Foot Ankle Intl, 2014;35(4):415-422.
  • Hastings MK, Woodburn J, Mueller MJ, Strube MJ, Johnson JE, Beckert KS, Stein ML, Sinacore DR: Radiographic-directed local coordinate systems critical in kinematic analysis of walking in diabetes-related medial column foot deformity, Gait & Posture, 2014;40(1):128-33
  • Kraus, JC, Fischer MT, McCormick JJ, Klein SE, Johnson JE: Geometry of the lateral sliding, closing wedge calcaneal osteotomy: Review of the two methods and technical tip to minimize shortening. Foot Ankle Intl, 2013;35(3):238-242
  • Kraus, JC, McKeon KE, Johnson JE, McCormick JJ, Klein SE: Intraosseous and extraosseous blood supply to the medial cuneiform: Implications for dorsal opening wedge plantarflexion osteotomy. Foot Ankle Intl, 2014;35(4):394-400
  • McKeon KE, Johnson JE, McCormick JJ, Klein SE: The intraosseous and extraosseous vascular supply of the fifth metatarsal: Implications for fifth metatarsal osteotomy. Foot Ankle Intl, 2013;34(1):117-123.
  • Iossi MF, Johnson JE, McCormick JJ, Klein SE: Short-Term Radiographic Analysis of Operative Correction of Adult Acquired Flatfoot Deformity. Foot Ankle Intl, 2013;34(6):781-791.
  • Hastings MK, Johnson JE, Strube MJ, Hildebolt CF, Bohnert KL, Prior FW, Sinacore DR: Progression of Foot Deformity in Charcot Neuropathic Osteoarthropathy: J Bone Joint Surg [Am], 2013;95(13):1206-13.
  • Sinacore DR, Gutekunst DJ, Hastings MK, Strube MJ, Bohnert KL, Prior FW, Johnson JE: Neuropathic midfoot deformity: associations with ankle and subtalar joint motion. J Foot Ankle Res, 2013;6(1):11.doi:10.1186/1757-1146-6-11
  • Hastings MK, Sinacore DR, Woodburn J, Paxton ES, Klein SE, McCormick JJ, Bohnert KL, Beckert KS, Stein ML, Strube MJ, Johnson JE: Kinetics and kinematics after the Bridle procedure for treatment of traumatic foot drop. Clinical Biomechanics. 28 (2013), pp. 555-561 DOI information: 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2013.04.008.
  • Nyazee HA; Finney KM, Sarikonda M; Towler DA; Johnson JE; Babcock HM: Diabetic foot osteomyelitis: Bone Markers and Treatment Outcomes. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 2012;97:411-17
  • McKeon KE, Wright RW, McCormick JJ, Johnson JE, Klein SE: Vascular Anatomy of the Tibiofibular Syndesmosis. J Bone Joint Surg [Am], 2012;94(10):931-8
  • Hastings MK, Mueller MJ, Sinacore DR, Strube MJ, Crowner B, Johnson JE, Racette BA: Botulinum toxin effects on Gastrocnemius strength and plantar pressure in diabetics with peripheral neuropathy and forefoot ulceration. Foot Ankle Intl, 2012;(33)5:363-70.
  • McKeon KE, McCormick JJ, Johnson JE, Klein SE: Intraosseous and extraosseous arterial anatomy of the adult navicular. Foot Ankle Intl, 2012;(33)10:857-861
  • Klein SE, Dale AM, Harris-Hayes M, Johnson JE, McCormick JJ, Racette BR: Clinical presentation and self-reported patterns of pain and function in patients with plantar heel pain. Foot Ankle Intl, 2012;33(9):693-98.
  • Johnson JE, Klein SE, McCormick JJ, Kleiber BD: Radiographic analysis of wedge allograft correction of angular malalignment in ankle fusion. Foot Ankle Intl. 2011;(32)4:380-384.
  • Johnson JE, Klein SE, McCormick JJ, Putnam RM: Corticosteroid injections in the treatment of foot & ankle disorders: An AOFAS survey. Foot Ankle Int. 2011;(32)4:394-99.
  • Klein SE, Putnam RM, McCormick JJ, Johnson JE: The slot graft technique for foot and ankle arthrodesis in a high-risk patient group. Foot Ankle Intl, 2011;(32)7:686-692.
  • Hastings MK, Sinacore DR, Mercer-Bolton N, McCormick JJ, Hildebolt CK, Prior FW, Johnson JE: Precision of foot alignment measures in individuals with diabetes mellitus related neuropathic Charcot arthropathy. Foot Ankle Intl, 2011;(32)9:867-872.
  • Johnson JE, Anderson SA: One Stage Resection and Pin Stabilization of the First Metatarsophalangeal Joint for Chronic Plantar Ulcer with Osteomyelitis. Foot Ankle Int. 2010; 31(11):973-979
  • Mackey RB: Thomson AB, Kwon OY, Mueller MJ, Johnson JE: The Modified Oblique Keller Capsular Interpositional Arthroplasty for Hallux Rigidus. J Bone Joint Surg. 2010;92-A(10):1938-46.
  • Johnson JE, Yu JR: Arthrodesis Techniques in the Management of Stage-II and III Acquired Adult Flatfoot Deformity. J Bone Joint Surg. 2005; 87-A(8):1866-1876.
  • Zhu F, Johnson JE, Hirose CB, Bae KT: Chronic Plantar Fasciitis: Acute Changes in the heel after extracorporeal high-energy shock wave therapy—observations at MR imaging. Radiology. 2005; 234(1):206-210.
  • Hirose CB, Johnson JE: Plantarflexion Opening Wedge Medial Cuneiform Osteotomy for Correction of Fixed Forefoot Varus Associated with Flatfoot Deformity. Foot Ankle Int. 2004 Aug; 25(8):568-574.
  • Ogden JA, Alvarez RG, Levitt RL, Johnson JE, Marlow ME: Electrohydraulic High-Energy Shock-Wave Treatment for Chronic Plantar Fasciitis. J Bone Joint Surg. 2004 Oct; 86-A(10):2216-2228.
  • Maluf KS, Mueller MJ, Strube MJ, Engsberg JR, Johnson JE: Tendon Achilles lengthening for the treatment of neuropathic ulcers causes a temporary reduction in forefoot pressure associated with changes in plantar flexor power rather than ankle motion during gait. Journal of Biomechanics. 2004; 37:897-906.
  • Jani MM, Ricci WM, Borrelli J, Barrett SE, Johnson JE: A protocol for treatment of unstable ankle fractures using trans-articular fixation in patients with diabetes mellitus and loss of protective sensibility. Foot Ankle Int. 2003 Nov;24(11):838-844.
  • Mueller MJ, Sinacore DR, Hastings MK, Strube MJ, Johnson JE: Effect of Achilles tendon lengthening on neuropathic plantar ulcers. J Bone Joint Surg. 2003 Aug;85-A(8):1436-45.
  • Mueller MJ, Hastings M, Commean PK, Smith KE, Pilgram TK, Robertson D, Johnson JE: Forefoot structural predictors of plantar pressures during walking in people with diabetes and peripheral neuropathy. Controlled Clinical Trial. Journal of Biomechanics. 2003, Jul;36(7):1009-17.
  • Dhalla R, Johnson JE, Engsberg, J: Can the use of terminal device augment plantar pressure reduction with a total contact cast? Foot Ankle Int. 2003 Jun;24(6):500-505.
  • Robertson DD, Mueller MJ, Smith KE, Commean PK, Pilgram T, Johnson JE, Structural changes in the forefoot of individuals with diabetes and a prior plantar ulcer. J Bone Joint Surg. 2002;84-A:1395-1404.
  • Johnson JE, Cohen BE, DiGiovanni BF, Lamdan R: Subtalar arthrodesis with flexor digitorum longus transfer and spring ligament repair for treatment of posterior tibial tendon insufficiency. Foot Ankle Int. 2000 Sep;21(9):722-9.
  • Hastings MK, Mueller MJ, Sinacore DR, Salsich GB, Engsberg JR, Johnson JE: Effects of a tendo-Achilles lengthening procedure on muscle function and gait characteristics in a patient with diabetes mellitus. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2000 Feb;30(2):85-90.

Research Interests

Research interests include ESWT, treatment of foot drop, hallux rigidus and diabetic foot complications.

Clinical Interests

Expertise in the evaluation and treatment of all types of adult and adolescent foot and ankle disorders, especially those resulting from trauma, arthritis, neuromuscular disease, congenital deformity, flatfoot deformities, rheumatoid arthritis, hallux valgus, ankle arthroscopy, and foot complications of diabetes. Special interest in tendon transfers for correction of foot drop, total ankle replacement and the surgical correction of the late sequelae of clubfoot deformity in the adolescent.

Background

After college at Duke University and medical school at Georgetown University, Dr. Johnson served an internship at the U.S. Public Health Service Hospital in San Francisco as a commissioned officer. He then practiced Family Medicine in Sandstone, Minnesota. He served an orthopaedic surgery residency at the Mayo Clinic in his hometown of Rochester, Minnesota. Following residency, he was a fellow in Foot and Ankle Surgery at the University of Texas, Houston, under the direction of Donald E. Baxter, M.D. He joined the full-time faculty in the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery at the Medical College of Wisconsin in Milwaukee where he served from 1989 until his appointment to the full-time faculty at Washington University School of Medicine in 1986.

Currently, Dr. Johnson is a Professor of Orthopedic Surgery, Chief of the Foot and Ankle Service and Director of the Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Fellowship Program at Barnes-Jewish Hospital at Washington University Medical Center. He is also on the consulting staff of the Shriners Hospital for Children in St. Louis.

Dr. Johnson serves as President-elect on the Board of Directors of the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society, a 2,200 member national organization of board certified orthopaedic surgeons who specialize in the surgical and nonsurgical treatment of all types of foot and ankle disorders.

Board Certifications

  • American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery, 1991. Recertified, 2002, 2010.

Medical Degree

  • Georgetown University

Residency

  • Orthopaedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic & Mayo Graduate School of Medicine

Fellowship

  • Foot & Ankle Surgery, University of Texas

Milestones

As an officer in the U.S. Public Health Service, Dr. Johnson served an internship at the U.S. Public Health Service Hospital in San Francisco. He then practiced Family Medicine in Sandstone, Minnesota. He served an orthopaedic surgery residency at the Mayo Clinic in his hometown of Rochester, Minnesota. Following residency, he was a fellow in Foot and Ankle Surgery at the University of Texas, Houston, under the direction of Donald E. Baxter, M.D. He entered private orthopaedic practice in Milwaukee before joining the full-time faculty in the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery at the Medical College of Wisconsin in Milwaukee. In 1989 he was appointed director of the Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Fellowship Program which graduates four fellows per year. Dr. Johnson joined the Washington University faculty at his current position in 1997.

Honors and Awards:

  • Mid-America Orthopaedic Association Traveling Fellowship Award —($5000), 1991
  • Dow Corning Award Paper — (senior co-author): McCluskey LC, Johnson JE, Wynarsky GT, Harris GF: Comparison of Stability Between the Proximal Crescentic Metatarsal Osteotomy and Proximal "V" Osteotomy. Presented at the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society, Annual Summer Meeting, Napa, California, July 18,1992
  • Physician of the Year —Pedorthic Footwear Association, 1994
  • Kashiwagi-Suzuki Japanese Traveling Fellowship —sponsored by American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, travel to Japan May 7 - May 29,1994
  • Best Doctors in America —Based on nationwide physician survey of more than one million votes. Only 4% of all doctors in the U.S. earn this honor. Best Doctors, Inc. www.bestdoctors.com, 1996-2015
  • Outstanding Orthopaedic Clinical Instructor Award —(Teacher of the Year), Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Medical College of Wisconsin 1994 – 1995
  • Chattanooga Research Award —American Physical Therapy Association, recognizing the best clinical research article published in Physical Therapy, March 1999
  • Jerome J. Gilden Distinguished Physician Award —Presented by Washington University Department of Orthopaedic Surgery. Exemplifies exceptional compassion for patients and their families, high standards of personal integrity, extraordinary respect for colleagues and other caregivers, and serves as a role model for house officers and colleagues, 2001, 2012
  • Group 4.8 —Outstanding Achievement in Orthopaedic Surgery Education, 2002, 2006, and 2008. Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO
  • Roger A. Mann Award —Best Clinical Paper. Controlled Prospective Randomized Clinical Trial on the Effect of Tendo-Achilles Lengthening on Patients with DM and a Neuropathic Plantar Ulcer. Presented at the annual meeting of the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society. July 13, 2002. Traverse City, Michigan
  • Roger A. Mann Award —Best Clinical Paper. Hastings MK, Sinacore DR, Woodburn J, Paxton ES, Klein SE, McCormick JJ, Bohnert KL, Beckert KS, Stein ML, Strube MJ, Johnson JE: Kinetics and kinematics after the Bridle procedure for treatment of traumatic foot drop. Presented at the annual meeting of the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society. July 18, 2013. Hollywood, California
  • “Top Doctors,” US News and World Report. September 2012.
  • “Top Doctors,” Castle Connolly Medical LTD. October 2012
  • Top 10% Rank. Patient Satisfaction Survey for Clinicians – Washington University Medical School Faculty. October 2013
  • "The 26 Top Foot & Ankle Surgeons in North America,” Orthopedics This Week. November 15, 2013
  • American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Achievement Award presented in recognition of outstanding contributions to the profession of orthopaedic surgery. January 2012, October 2012, March 2013, March 2015

Professional Societies and Organizations:

  • American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 1986-present
  • American Board of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 1991-present
  • American Diabetes Association, 1990-2009
  • American Medical Association, 1981-present
  • American Orthopaedic Association, 2006-2014
  • American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society, 1987-present
  • Academic Orthopaedic Society, 1993-1995
  • Medical Society of Milwaukee County, 1987-1996
  • Mid-America Orthopaedic Association, 1994-present
  • Missouri State Medical Association 2003-present
  • Missouri State Orthopaedic Association, 2001-present
  • North American Foot and Ankle Association, 1988-present
  • Pedorthic Footwear Association, 1988-2006
  • St. Louis Orthopaedic Society, 1997-present

Committees:

  • American Board of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Field Test Task Force, 2001 - 2005
  • American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
    • Foot and Ankle Committee, 1998-2001
    • Committee on Nursing and Allied Health Professions, 1996-1998
    • Evaluation Committee, 2007 - 2013
  • American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society
    • Editor of the Membership Directory, 1990 - 1998
    • CPT Coding Committee, 1990 - 1998
    • Publications Committee, 1990 - 1998, Chairman, 1995 - 1998
    • Editor of AOFAS Newsletter “Instride,” 1995 - 1998
    • Fellowship Committee, 1995 - 1998, Chairman 1997 - 1998
    • Complete Foot Care Course Subcommittee, 1995 - 1997
    • Education Committee 2003 – 2007
    • Board of Directors, Member-at-Large, 2008 - 2010
    • Board of Directors, American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society, 2012-2014
      • —Treasurer, AOFAS
      • —Treasurer, AOFAS Outreach & Educations Foundation (OEF)
      • —Chair, AOFAS Finance Committee
    • Board of Directors, Vice President, 2014-15
    • Board of Directors, President, 2016-2017
  • Mid-America Orthopaedic Association
    • Annual Meeting Program Committee, 1997 - 2000, Chairman 2000
    • Audit Committee, 2000 - 2004
    • Membership Committee 2012 - present
  • Pedorthic Footwear Association
    • Medical Advisor 1990 - 1994
    • Board of Directors, 1990 – 1994
  • American Medical Association
    • Delegate to the Young Physicians Section of the AMA, 1989 – 1991
  • Barnes-Jewish Hospital
    • Medical Staff Performance Committee, 2003 - present
    • Task force on Hospital-Based Diabetic Foot Care 2007
  • Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University
    • Peer Review Committee, Chairman, 2004-present
    • Patient Safety Committee, April 2010-present
    • Chief, Foot and Ankle Service
  • Medical Advisor 1990 - 1994
    • Board of Directors, 1990 – 1994

Make an Appointment

Dr. Johnson’s Office Locations

Center for Advanced Medicine (CAM)

Barnes Jewish Hospital

4921 Parkview Place

St Louis, MO 63110

Washington University Orthopedics – Chesterfield

14532 S. Outer Forty Drive

Chesterfield, MO 63017

Shriners Hospital for Children

4400 Clayton Ave.

St Louis, MO 63110

Disclaimer

The Department of Orthopaedic Surgery at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis has no control over third-party websites and does not review such websites. The university disclaims any responsibility for the content of third-party websites and the use of any information on these sites.