William Ricci, MD
Professor, Orthopedic Surgery
Vice Chair, Department of Orthopedic Surgery
Chief, Orthopaedic Trauma  

Selected Publications

1. Streubel PN, Gardner MJ, Ricci WM: Intracapsular femoral neck fractures in elderly patients. Minerva Ortop Traumatol, 60(6): 541-554, 2009.

2. Langer J, Gardner MJ, Ricci WM: The Cortical Step Sign as a Tool for Assessing and Correcting Rotational Deformity in Femoral Shaft Fractures.Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma, 24(2): 82-88, 2010.

3. Streubel PN, Gardner MJ, Morshed S, Collinge CA, Gallagher B, Ricci WM: Are extreme distal periprosthetic supracondylar fractures of the femur too distal to fix using a lateral locked plate? J Bone Joint Surg Br 2010 Apr;92(4):527-34.

4. Patterson JM, Boyer MI, Ricci WM, Goldfarb CA: Hand Trauma: A Prospective Evaluation of Patients Transferred to a Level 1 Trauma Center. American Journal of Orthopedics. 39(4):196-200, 2010.

5. Freeman A, Tornetta P, Schmidt A, Bechtold J, Ricci WM, Flemming M: How Much Do Locked Screws Add to the Fixation of “Hybrid” Plate Constructs in Osteoporotic Bone?Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma, 24(3): 163-169, 2010.

6. Ricci WM, Tornetta P, Petteys T, Gerlach D, Cartner J, Walker Z, Russell T: A Comparison of Screw Insertion Torque and Pullout Strength. Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma, 24(6):374-378, 2010.

7. Chen RC, Harris DJ, Leduc S, Borrelli JJ, Jr., Tornetta P, III, Ricci WM: Is ulnar nerve transposition beneficial during open reduction internal fixation of distal humerus fractures? J Orthop Trauma. Jul;24(7):391-4, 2010.

8. Ricci WM, Mamczak C, Tynan M, Streubel P and Gardner M. Pelvic Inlet and Outlet Radiographs Re-Defined. J Bone Joint Surg Am 92 1947-1953, 2010.

9. Mamczak C, Gardner MJ, Bolhofner B, Borrelli J, Streubel P, Ricci WM: Interprosthetic Femoral Fractures. J Orthop Trauma Dec;24(12):740-744, 2010.

10.  Streubel PN, Gardner MJ, Ricci WM. Management of Femur Shaft Fractures in Obese Patients. Orthop Clin N Am Jan;42(1):21-35, 2011. 

11.  Tornetta P, Ricci WM, Nork S, Collinge C, Steen B:  The Posterolateral Approach to the Tibia for Displaced Posterior Malleolar Injuries.  J Orthop Trauma, Feb;25(2):123-126, 2011.

12.  Streubel PN, Ricci WM, Wong A, Gardner MJ:  Mortality After Distal Femur Fractures in Elderly Patients. Clin Orthop Relat Res, Apr;469(4):1188-1196, 2011. 

13.  Streubel PN, Wong AH, Ricci WM, Gardner MJ:  Is there a standard trochanteric entry site for nailing of subtrochanteric femur fractures?  J Orthop Trauma, Apr;25(4):202-207, 2011. 

14.  Gardner MJ, Streubel PN, McCormick JJ, Klein SE, Johnson JJ, Ricci WMSurgeon practices regarding operative treatment of posterior malleolus fractures.  Foot & Ankle International, Apr;32(4):385-393, 2011.   

15.  Ricci WM, Langer JS, Leduc S, Streubel PN, Borrelli J:  Total hip arthroplasty for acute displaced femoral neck fractures via the posterior approach:  a protocol to minimise hip dislocation risk.  Hip International; Jun 21(3):344-350, 2011. 

16.  Cartner JL, Hartsell ZM, Ricci WM, Tornetta P:  Can we trust ex vivo mechanical testing of fresh-frozen cadaveric specimens?  The effect of postfreezing delays.  J Orthop Trauma, Aug;25(8):459-461, 2011. 

17.  Streubel PN, Glasgow D, Wong A, Barei DP, Ricci WM, Gardner MJ:  Sagittal Plane Deformity in Bicondylar Tibial Plateau Fractures.  J Ortho Trauma, Sept;25(9):560-565, 2011.

18.  Ricci WM, McAndrew C, Merriman D, Gardner MJ:  What’s New in Orthopaedic Trauma.  J Bone Joint Surg Am, 93(18): 1746-1756, 2011. 

19.  Patterson JM, Galatz L, Streubel P, Toman J, Tornetta P, Ricci WMCT Evaluation of Extra-articular Glenoid Neck Fractures:  Does the Glenoid Medialize or Does the Scapula Lateralize?  J Ortho Trauma, June;26(6):360-363, 2012.   

20.  Merriman DJ, Ricci WM, McAndrew CM, Gardner MJ.  Is Application of an Internal Anterior Pelvic Fixator Anatomically Feasible?  CORR, 470:2111-2115, 2012. 

21.  Gardner MJ, Mehta S, Mirza A, Ricci WMAnterior Pelvic Reduction and Fixation using a subcutaneous internal fixator.  J Ortho Trauma, May;26(5):314-321, 2012. 

22.  Ricci WM, Jo M, Gardner M, McAndrew CM:  Specialty Update - What's New in Orthopaedic Trauma.  J Bone Joint Surg Am, 94(16):1525-1535, 2012. 

23.  Ricci WM, Tornetta P, Borrelli J, Jr.  Lag screw fixation fo medial malleolar fractures:  a biomechanical, radiographic, and clinical comparison of unicortical partially threaded lag screws and biocrtical fully threaded lag screws.  J Orthop Trauma, 26:602-606, 2012.

24.  Ricci WM, Foreword:  periprosthetic fractures about the knee.  J Knee Surg, 26:1, 2013.

25.  Ricci WM, Classification and treatment of periprosthetic supracondylar femur fractures.  J Knee Surg, 26:9-14, 2013.

26.  Ricci WM, Spiguel A, McAndrew C, Gardner M.  What's new in orthopaedic Trauma.  J Bone Joint Surg Am, 95:1333-1342, 2013.

27.  Mamczak CN, Streubel PN, Gardner MJ, Ricci WMUnravelling the debate over orthopedic trauma transfers: The sender's perspective.  Injury, 2013.

28.  Barrack RL, Krempec JA, Clohisy JC, et al.  Accuracy of acetabular component position in hip arthroplasty.  J Bone Joint Surg Am, 95:1760-1768, 2013.

29.  Yang JS, Otero J, McAndrew CM, Ricci WM, Gardner MJ. Can tibial nonunion be predicted at 3 months after intramedullary nailing? J Orthop Trauma 2013;27:599-603.

30.  Gardner MJ, Yang JS, McAndrew CM, Ricci WM. In response: Can Tibial Nonunion Be Predicted at 3 Months after Intramedullary Nailing? J Orthop Trauma 2013;27:605-6.

31.  Mamczak CN, Streubel PN, Gardner MJ, Ricci WM. Unravelling the debate over orthopaedic trauma transfers: The sender's perspective. Injury 2013;44:1832-7.

32.  Ricci W. Foreword: periprosthetic fractures about the knee. J Knee Surg 2013;26:1.

33.  Ricci W. Classification and treatment of periprosthetic supracondylar femur fractures.J Knee Surg 2013;26:9-14.

34.  Ricci WM, Collinge C, Streubel PN, McAndrew CM, Gardner MJ. Acomparison of more and less aggressive bone debridement protocols for the treatment of open supracondylar femur fractures. J Orthop Trauma 2013;27:722-5.

35.  Ricci WM, Spiguel A, McAndrew C, Gardner M. What's new in orthopaedic trauma.J Bone Joint Surg Am 2013;95:1333-42.

36.  Ricci WM, Streubel PN, Morshed S, Collinge C, Nork SE, Gardner MJ. Risk Factors for Failure of Locked Plate Fixation of Distal Femur Fractures: An Analysis of 335 Cases. J Orthop Trauma 2014;28:83-9. 

37.  Gallagher B, Silva MJ, Ricci WM. Effect of off-axis screw insertion, insertion torque, and plate contouring on locked screw strength. J Orthop Trauma 2014;28:427-32.

38.  Ricci WM, Linn M, Gardner M, McAndrew C. What's New in Orthopaedic Trauma. The Journal of bone and joint surgery American volume 2014;96:1222-30.

39.  Shah CM, Babb PE, McAndrew CM, et al. Definitive plates overlapping provisional external fixator pin sites: is the infection risk increased? J Orthop Trauma 2014;28:518-22. 

40.  Backus JB, Merriman DJ, McAndrew CM, Gardner MJ, Ricci WMUpright versus supine radiographs of clavicle fractures:  does positioning matter?  J Orthop Trauma 2014;28:636-41.

41.  Linn MS, Gardner MJ, McAndrew CM, Gallagher B, Ricci WMIs primary total elbow arthroplasty safe for the treatment of open intra-articular distal humerus fractures?  Injury 2014;45:1747-51.  

42.  Engsberg J, Leduc S, Ricci W, Borrelli J, Jr.  Improved function and joing kinematics after correction of tibial malalignment.  American Journal of Orthopedics 2014;43:313-8.

43.  McAndrew CM, Merriman DJ, Gardner MJ, Ricci WMStandardized posterior pelvic imaging:  use of CT inlet and CT outlet for evaluation and management of pelvic ring injuries.  J Orthop Trauma 2014;28:665-73.  

44.  Bumpass DB, Ricci WM, McAndrew CM, Gardner MJ. A prospective study of pain reduction and knee dysfunction comparing femoral skeletal traction and splinting in adult trauma patients.  J Orthop Trauma 2015;29:112-8.

45.  Ricci WM. Periprosthetic femur fractures. J Orthop Trauma 2015;29:130-7.

46.  Ricci WM, Brandt A, McAndrew C, Gardner MJ. Factors affecting delay to surgery and length of stay for patients with hip fracture. J Orthop Trauma 2015;29:e109-14.

47.  Ricci WM.  Use of Locking Plates in Orthopaedic Trauma Surgery.  JBJS Reviews 2015;3;e3.

48.  Rawson KS, Dixon D, Nowotny P, Ricci WM, Binder EF, Rodebaugh TL, Wendleton L, Dore P, Lenze EJ. Association of functional polymorphisms from brain-derived neurotrophic factor and serotonin-related genes with depressive symptoms after a medical stressor in older adults. PloS one 2015;10:e0120685.

49.  Skelley NW, Ricci WM. A single-person reduction and splinting technique for ankle injuries. J Orthop Trauma 2015;29:e172-7.

50.  Ricci WM, Black JC, McAndrew CM, Gardner MJ. What's New in Orthopaedic Trauma. The Journal of bone and joint surgery American volume 2015;97:1200-7.

51.  Litrenta J, Saper D, Tornetta P, 3rd, Phieffer L, Jones CB, Mullis BH, Egol K, Collinge C, Leighton RK, Ertl W, Ricci WM, Teague D, Ertl JP. Does Syndesmotic Injury Have a Negative Effect on Functional Outcome? A Multicenter Prospective Evaluation. J Orthop Trauma 2015;29:410-3.

52.  Cherney SM, Haynes JA, Spraggs-Hughes AG, McAndrew CM, Ricci WM, Gardner MJ. In Vivo Syndesmotic Overcompression After Fixation of Ankle Fractures With a Syndesmotic Injury. J Orthop Trauma 2015;29:414-9.

53.  Linn MS, McAndrew CM, Prusaczyk B, Brimmo O, Ricci WM, Gardner MJ. Dynamic Locked Plating of Distal Femur Fractures. J Orthop Trauma 2015;29:447-50.

54.  Litrenta J, Tornetta P, 3rd, Mehta S, Jones C, O'Toole RV, Bhandari M, Kottmeier S, Ostrum R, Egol K, Ricci W, Schemitsch E, Horwitz D. Determination of Radiographic Healing: An Assessment of Consistency Using RUST and Modified RUST in Metadiaphyseal Fractures. J Orthop Trauma 2015;29:516-20.

55.  Bogdan YTornetta P 3rdEinhorn TAGuy PLeveille LRobinson JBosse MJHaines NHorwitz DJones CSchemitsch ESagi CThomas BStahl DRicci WBrady MSanders DKain MHiggins TFCollinge CKottmeier SFriess D.  Healing time and Complications in Operatively Treated Atypical Femur Fractures associated with Bisphosphonate Use:  A Multicenter Retrospective Cohort.  J Orthop Trauma 2016;30:177-181.  

56.  Olszewski D, Streubel PN, Stucken C, Ricci WM, Hoffmann MF, Jones CB, Sietsema DL, Tornetta P.  Fate of Patients with a "Surprise" Positive Culture after Nonunion Surgery.  J Orthop Trauma 2016;30:e19-e23.  

57.  Ricci WM, Black JC, Tornetta P, Gardner MJ, McAndrew CM, Sanders RW.  Current Opinions on Fracture Follow-up:  A Survey of OTA Members regarding standards of Care and Implications for Clinical Research.  J Orthop Trauma 2016;30:e100-e105.  

58.  Bakhsh WR, Cherney SM, McAndrew CM, Ricci WM, Gardner MJ.  Surgical approaches to intramedullary nailing of the tibia: Comparative analysis of knee pain and functional outcomes. Injury 2016;47(4):958-961. 

59.  Haynes J, Cherney S, Spraggs-Hughes A, McAndrew CM, Ricci WM, Gardner MJ. Increased Reduction Clamp Force Associated With Syndesmotic Overcompression. Foot & ankle international / American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society [and] Swiss Foot and Ankle Society 2016;37(7):722-729. 

60.  Cherney SM, Spraggs-Hughes AG, McAndrew CM, Ricci WM, Gardner MJ. Incisura Morphology as aRisk Factor for Syndesmotic Malreduction. Foot & ankle international / American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society [and] Swiss Foot and Ankle Society 2016;37(7):748-754. 

61.  Black JC, Ricci WM, Gardner MJ, McAndrew CM, Agarwalla A, Wojahn RD, Abar O, Simon YT.  Novel Augmentation Technique for Patellar Tendon Repair Improves Strength and Decreases Gap Formation:  A Cadaveric Study.  CORR 2016;474:2611-2618.

62.  Meyer Z, Ricci WMKnee Extensor Mechanism Repairs:  Standard Suture Repair and Novel Augmentation Technique.  J Orthop Trauma 2016;30(8):S30-S31.

63.  Mardam-Bey SW, Beebe MJ, Black JC, Chang EY, Kubiak EN, Bishop JA, McAndrew CM, Ricci WM, Gardner MJ.  The Effect of Transiliac-Transsacral Screw Fixation for Pelvic Ring Injuries on the Uninjured Sacroliliac Joint.  J Orthop Trauma 2016;30(9):463-468.  



Selected Book Chapters
Ricci WM
:  Femur Trauma.  Orthopaedic Knowledge Update, Volume 8, 2004.

Ricci WM:  Aseptic Nonunion after IM Nailing, Complications in Orthopaedics - Tibia Shaft Fractures.  AAOS Monograph Series, Chapter 4, pp 23-29, 2004.

Ricci WM:  Fractures of the Elbow.  CORE Knowledge in Orthopaedics.  Roy Sanders, Editor.  Chapter 15, pp 264-281, 2008.

Robison J, Ricci WM:  Orthopedic Injuries, The Washington Manual of Surgery, 5th Edition.  Chapter 34, pp 577-596, 2008.

Stannard JP, Volgas DA, Ricci WM, Sucato DJ, Milbrandt TA, Craig MR:  Trauma.  Review of Orthopaedics.  5th Edition.  Mark A. Miller, Editor.  Chapter 11, pp 569-660, 2008.

Ricci WM, Haidukewych G: Periprosthetic Fractures. Rockwood and Green’s, 7th Edition. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. Volume 1, Chapter 21, pp 554-589, 2010. 

Bolhofner B, Ricci WM: Principles of Nonunion Treatment. Rockwood and Green’s, Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. Volume 1, Chapter 25, pp 641-663, 2010. 

Ricci WM, Risko T: ORIF of the Bicondylar Plateau. Operative Techniques in Orthopaedic Surgery. Volume 1, Section II Femur and Knee, Chapter 13, pp 613-621, 2010. 

Ricci WM, Gruen GS, Summers H, Siska PA: Fractures of the Femoral Diaphysis. Orthopaedic Knowledge Update: Trauma 4. Chapter 33, pp 431-444, 2010.

Siegel, J, Tornetta P, Borrelli J, Kregor PJ, Ricci WM:  Locked and Minimally Invasive Plating.  Instructional Course Lecture:  Trauma 2.  Chapter 9, pp 107-122, 2012. 

Jahangir AA, Ricci WM:  Distal Femur Fractures.  Orthopaedic Traumatology: An Evidence Based Approach.  Springer.  Chapter 17, pp 247-259, 2012.

Merriman DJ, Ricci WM:  Supracondylar Femur Fractures.  Orthopaedic Trauma Call for the Attending Surgeon.  Slack, Inc.  Chapter 31, pp 239-247, 2013.  

Ricci WM:  Re-Fracture/Nonunion of the Proximal Femur, Stable Prosthesis.  ORIF:  Distal Femoral Locking Plate.  Periprosthetic Fracture Management.  AO Trauma.  Chapter 10, pp 298-300, 2014.

Jo MJ, Ricci WM, Gardner MJ:  Joint Preserving Surgical Techniques for Posttraumatic Hip Disorders.  Wolters Klumer.  The Adult Hip:  Hip Preservation Surgery, 3rd Edition, Chapter 59, pp 707-724, 2014.  

Ricci WM, Mehta S:  Tibial Plateau Fractures and Extensor Mechanism Injuries.  American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.  Orthopaedic Knowledge Update 11, Chapter 37, pp 521-535, 2014. 

Ricci WM:  Periprosthetic Fractures.  Wolters Klumer.  Rockwood and Green’s Fractures in Adults, 8th Edition, Chapter 23, pp 691-765, 2014.

Ricci WM, Bolhofner B:  Principles of Nonunion Treatment.  Wolters Klumer.  Rockwood and Green’s Fractures in Adults, 8th Edition, Chapter 27, pp 827-867, 2014.


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Dr. Ricci’s Office Locations

Center for Advanced Medicine (CAM)

Barnes Jewish Hospital

4921 Parkview Place

St Louis, MO 63110


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