Publications

Robert Brophy, MD
Associate Professor

Selected Publications
By topic

Shoulder instability/SLAP tears

Hepper CT, Smith MV, Steger-May K, Brophy RH. Normative data of shoulder activity by age and sex. Am J Sports Med. 2013;41:1146-51.

Paxton ES, Backus J, Keener J, Brophy RH. Shoulder arthroscopy: Basic principles of positioning, anesthesia and portal anatomy. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2013; 21:332-42.

Brophy RH. Results of shoulder stabilization surgery in athletes. Clin Sports Med. 2013;32:825-32.

Brophy RH, Gill CS, Lyman S, Barnes RP, Rodeo SA, Warren RF. Effect of shoulder stabilization on career length in National Football League athletes. Am J Sports Med 2011.;39:704-9.

Brophy RH, Marx RG.  The treatment of traumatic anterior instability of the shoulder: nonoperative and surgical treatmentArthroscopy 2009; 25:298-304.

Keener JD, Brophy RHSuperior labral tears of the shoulder: Pathogenesis, evaluation and treatmentJ Am Acad Orthop Surg 2009;17:627-37.

Brophy RH, Marx RG.  Osteoarthritis following shoulder instabilityClin Sports Med.  2005; 24:47-56.

Rotator cuff tears

Brophy RH, Dunn WR, Kuhn JE, MOON Shoulder Group.  Shoulder activity level is not associated with the severity of symptomatic, atraumatic rotator cuff tears in patients electing nonoperative treatment.  Am J Sports Med 2014;42:1150-4.

Brophy RH. Is it a sprint or a marathon? When is the arthroscopic rotator cuff repair at risk to lose the race for healing? Commentary on an article by Joseph P. Iannotti, MD, PhD, et al.: “Time to failure after rotator cuff repair. A prospective imaging study”. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2013;95:e791-2.

Aleem AW,Brophy RH. Outcomes of rotator cuff surgery: What does the evidence tell us? Clin Sports Med. 2012;31:665-74.

Wall L, Keener JD, Brophy RHClinical outcomes of double-row vs. single-row rotator cuff repairs: a systematic reviewArthroscopy 2009; 25:1312-8

Wall L, Keener JD, Brophy RHDouble-row vs. single-row rotator cuff repair: a review of the biomechanical evidence. J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2009; 18:933-41.

Ryliskis S, Brophy RH, Kocius M, Marx RG.  Shoulder activity level in the preoperative assessment of patients with rotator cuff tearsKnee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2009;17:1522-8.

ACL Tears and Reconstruction

Brophy RH, Staples JR, Motley J, Blalock R, Steger-May K, Halstead M. Young females exhibit decreased coronal plane postural stability compared to young males. HSS Journal. 2016;12:26-31.

Brophy RH, Wright RW, Huston LJ, Nwosu SK, MOON Group, Spindler KP.  Factors associated with infection following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.  J Bone Joint Surg Am 2015;97:450-4.

Skelley NW, Castile RM, York TE, Gruev V, Lake SP, Brophy RH.  Differences in the microstructural properties of the anteromedial and posterolateral bundles of the anterior cruciate ligament.  Am J Sports Med 2015;43:928-936.

Matava MJ, Howard DR, Polakof L, Brophy RH. Public perception regarding anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2014;96:e85.

Brophy RH, Schmitz L, Wright RW, Dunn WR, Parker RD, Andrish JT, McCary EC, Spindler KP. Return to play and future ACL injury risk following ACL reconstruction in soccer athletes from the MOON Group. Am J Sports Med. 2012;40:2517-22.

Brophy RH, Wright RW, David TX, McCormack RG, Sekiya JK, Svoboda SJ, Huston LJ, Haas AK, Steger-May K, MARS Group. Association between previous meniscal surgery and the incidence of chondral lesions at revision ACL reconstruction. Am J Sports Med 2012;40:808-14.

Mall NA, Matava MJ, Wright RW, Brophy RH. Relation between anterior cruciate ligament graft obliquity and knee laxity in elite athletes at the National Football League Combine. Arthroscopy. 2012 Aug;28(8):1104-13.

Brophy RH, Silvers HJ, Mandelbaum BR.  Anterior cruciate ligament injuries: etiology and prevention.  Sports Med Arthrosc. 2010;18:2-11.

Brophy RH, Zeltser D, Wright RW, Flanigan DC.  Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction and concomitant articular cartilage injury:  a systematic review of incidence and treatmentArthroscopy 2010; 26:112-120.

Brophy RH, Gill CS, Lyman S, Barnes RP, Rodeo SA, Warren RF. Effect of ACL reconstruction and meniscectomy on length of career in National Football League athletes:  a case control studyAm J Sports Med 2009;37:2102-7.

Articular Cartilage

Miller DJ, Smith MV, Matava MJ, Wright RW, Brophy RH. Microfracture and osteochondral autograft transplantation are cost-effective treatments for articular cartilage lesions of the distal femur. Am J Sports Med 2015;43:2175-81.

Miller DJ, Brophy RH. Microfracture and ability to return to sports after cartilage surgery. Oper Tech Orthop 2014;24:240-246.

Blackman AJ, Smith MV, Flanigan DC, Matava MJ, Wright RW, Brophy RH. Correlation between magnetic resonance imaging and clinical outcomes after cartilage repair surgery in the knee: A systematic review and meta-analysis.  Am J Sports Med. 2013; 41:1426-34.

Steinwachs MR, Engebretson L, Brophy RH.  Scientific evidence base for cartilage injury and repair in the athlete. Cartilage 2012; 3S1:11S-17S.

Nepple JJ, Matava MJ, Wright RW, Brophy RH. Full-thickness knee articular cartilage defects in National Football League Combine athletes undergoing magnetic resonance imaging: prevalence, location, and association with previous surgery. Arthroscopy. 2012;28(6):798-806

Brophy RH, Zeltser D, Wright RW, Flanigan DC.  Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction and concomitant articular cartilage injury:  a systematic review of incidence and treatmentArthroscopy 2010; 26:112-120.

Flanigan DC, Harris JD, Trinh TQ, Siston RA, Brophy RH. Prevalence of chondral defects in athletes' knees: a systematic review. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2010; 42:1795-801.

Brophy RH, Rodeo SA, Barnes RP, Powell JW, Warren RF.  Knee articular cartilage injuries in the National Football League:  epidemiology and treatment approach by team physiciansJ Knee Surg 2009;22:331-8.

Williams RJ, Brophy RH. Cartilage repair procedures: clinical approach and decision making. Instr Course Lect 2008; 57:553-561.

Meniscus/Mensical Tears

Brophy RH, Geffen AM, Matava MJ, Wright RW, Smith MV. Understanding of meniscus injury and expectations of meniscus surgery in orthopaedic patients.  Arthroscopy 2015;31:2295-3000.

Brophy RH, Haas AK, Huston LJ, Nwosu SK, MARS Group, Wright RW. The association of meniscal status, lower extremity alignment, and body mass index with chondrosis at the time of revision ACL reconstruction.  Am J Sports Med 2015; 43:1616-22.

Brophy RH, Gray BL, Nunley RM, Barrack RL, Clohisy JC. Total knee arthroplasty after previous knee surgery:  Expected interval and the effect on patient age. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2014;96:801-5.

Rai MF, Patra D, Sandell LJ, Brophy RH. Relationship of gene expression in the injured human meniscus to body mass index: A biologic connection between obesity and osteoarthritis. Arthritis Rheumatol 2014;66:2152-64.

Rai MF, Patra D, Sandell LJ, Brophy RH. Transcriptome analysis of injured human meniscus reveals a distinct phenotype of meniscus degeneration with aging. Arthritis Rheum. 2013;65:2090-101.

Rai MF, Sandell LJ, Cheverud JM, Brophy RH. Relationship of age and body mass index to the expression of obesity and osteoarthritis-related genes in human meniscus. Int J Obes. 2013;37:1238-46.

Katz JN, Brophy RH, Chaisson CE, de Chaves L, Cole BJ, Dahm DL, Donnell-Fink LA, Guermazi A, Haas AK, Jones MH, Levy BA, Mandl LA, Martin SD, Marx RG, Miniaci A, Matava MJ, Palmisano J, Reinke EK, Richardson BE, Rome BN, Safran-Norton CE, Skoniecki DJ, Solomon DH, Smith MV, Spindler KP, Stuart MJ, Wright J, Wright RW, Losina E. Surgery versus physical therapy for a meniscal tear and osteoarthritis. N Engl J Med. 2013;368:1675-84.

Brophy RH, Wright RW, David TS, McCormack RG, Sekiya JK, Svoboda SJ, Huston LJ, Haas AK, Steger-May K, MARS Group. Association between previous meniscal surgery and the incidence of chondral lesions at revision ACL reconstruction. Am J Sports Med 2012;40:808-14.

Brophy RH, Martinez M, Borelli J Jr, Silva MJ. Effect of combined traumatic impact and radial transection of medial meniscus on knee cartilage in a rabbit in vivo model.  Arthroscopy. 2012;28:1490-6.

Brophy RH, Matava MJ. Update on surgical options for meniscal replacement. J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2012;20:265-72.

Brophy RH, Rai MF, Zhang Z, Torgomyan A, Sandell LJ. Molecular analysis of age- and sex-related gene expression in meniscus tears with and without concomitant anterior cruciate ligament tear. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2012;94:385-93.

Harris JD, Cavo M, Brophy RH, Siston RA, Flanigan DC. Biologic knee reconstruction - A systematic review of combined meniscal allograft transplantation and cartilage repair or restoration. Arthroscopy 2011;27:409-18.

Paxton ES, Stock MV, Brophy RH. Meniscal repair versus partial meniscectomy: A systematic review comparing re-operation rates and clinical outcomes. Arthroscopy 2011;27:1275-88.

Brophy RH, Cottrell J, Rodeo SA, Wright TM, Warren RF, Maher S.  Implantation of a synthetic meniscal scaffold improves joint contact mechanics in a partial meniscectomy cadaver modelJ Biomed Mater Res A 2010;92:1154-61.

Brophy RH, Gill CS, Lyman S, Barnes RP, Rodeo SA, Warren RF.  Effect of ACL reconstruction and meniscectomy on length of career in National Football League athletes:  a case control studyAm J Sports Med 2009;37:2102-7.

Kelly BT, Brophy RH, Rodeo SA. Meniscal allograft transplantation:surgical technique. Tech Knee Surg 2004; 3:8-18.

Football

Nepple JJ, Matava MJ, Wright RW, Brophy RH. Full-thickness knee articular cartilage defects in National Football League Combine athletes undergoing magnetic resonance imaging: prevalence, location, and association with previous surgery. Arthroscopy. 2012;28(6):798-806.

Mall NA, Matava MJ, Wright RW, Brophy RH. Relation between anterior cruciate ligament graft obliquity and knee laxity in elite athletes at the National Football League Combine. Arthroscopy. 2012 Aug;28(8):1104-13.

Brophy RH, Gill CS, Lyman S, Barnes RP, Rodeo SA, Warren RF. Effect of shoulder stabilization on career length in National Football League athletes. Am J Sports Med 2011;39:704-9.

Brophy RH, Wright RW, Powell JW, Matava MJ. Injuries to kickers in American football:  the National Football League experienceAm J Sports Med 2010; 38:1166-73.

Brophy RH, Gill CS, Lyman S, Barnes RP, Rodeo SA, Warren RF.  Effect of ACL reconstruction and meniscectomy on length of career in National Football League athletes:  a case control studyAm J Sports Med 2009;37:2102-7.

Brophy RH, Rodeo SA, Barnes RP, Powell JW, Warren RF. Knee articular cartilage injuries in the National Football League:  epidemiology and treatment approach by team physiciansJ Knee Surg 2009;22:331-8.

Brophy RH, Lyman S, Chehab EL, Barnes RP, Rodeo SA, Warren RF.  Predictive value of prior injury on career in professional American football is affected by player positionAm J Sports Med 2009;37:768-75.

Brophy RH, Chehab EL, Barnes RP, Lyman S, Rodeo SA, Warren RF.  Predictive value of orthopedic evaluation and injury history at NFL combineMed Sci Sports Exerc 2008; 40:1368-72.

Brophy RH, Barnes R, Rodeo SA, Warren RF.  Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders at the NFL Combine - Trends from 1987-2000Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2007; 39:22-7.

Soccer

Prather H, Hunt D, Rho M, Yemm T, Fong K. Brophy RH. Abnormal hip physical examination findings in asymptomatic female soccer athletes. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2015;23:2106-14.

Brophy RH, Stepan J, Silvers HJ, Mandelbaum BR.  Defending puts the anterior cruciate ligament at risk during soccer: A gender based analysis. Sports Health 2015;7:244-249.

Brophy RH, Schmitz L, Wright RW, Dunn WR, Parker RD, Andrish JT, McCary EC, Spindler KP. Return to play and future ACL injury risk following ACL reconstruction in soccer athletes from the MOON Group. Am J Sports Med. 2012;40:2517-22.

Brophy RH, Backus SI, Kraszewski AP, Steele BC, Ma Y, Osei D, Williams RJ.  Gender differences during the soccer kick in lower extremity alignment and muscle activationJ Bone Joint Surg Am 2010; 92:2050-8.

Brophy RH, Silvers HJ, Gonzales T, Mandelbaum BR.  Gender influences: The role of leg dominance in ACL injury among soccer playersBr J Sports Med 2010; 44:694-7.

Brophy RH, Chiaia T, Maschi R, Dodson CC, Oh LS, Lyman S, Allen AA, Williams RJ. The core and hip in soccer athletes compared by genderInt J Sports Med 2009;30:663-7.

Brophy RH, Backus SI, Pansy BS, Lyman S, Williams RJ.  Lower extremity muscle activation and alignment during the soccer instep and side-foot kicksJ Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2007; 37:260-8.

General Orthopaedics

Brophy RH, Lin K, Smith MV. The role of activity level in orthopedics: an important prognostic and outcome variable. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2014;22:430-436.

Brophy RH, Smith MV, Lattermann C, Jones MH, Reinke EK, Flanigan DC, Wright RW, Wolf BR. Multi-investigator collaboration in orthopedic surgery research compared to other medical fields. J Orthop Res. 2012; 30:1523-8.

 

 

Make an Appointment

Dr. Brophy’s Office Locations

Center for Advanced Medicine (CAM)

Barnes Jewish Hospital

4921 Parkview Place

St Louis, MO 63110

Washington University Orthopedics – Chesterfield

14532 S. Outer Forty Drive

Chesterfield, MO 63017

Disclaimer

The Department of Orthopaedic Surgery at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis has no control over third-party websites and does not review such websites. The university disclaims any responsibility for the content of third-party websites and the use of any information on these sites.