Jacob Buchowski, MD, MS

Jacob Buchowski, MD, MS
Professor of Orthopaedic and Neurological Surgery
Director, Center for Spinal Tumors
Director, Washington University Spine Fellowship

Selected Publications

1.      Li Z, Bailey AD, Buchowski J, Weiner AM. A tandem array of minimal U1 small nuclear RNA genes is sufficient to generate a new adenovirus type 12-inducible chromosome fragile site. J Virol 1998;72:4205-4211. (PMCID 9557709)

2.      Huckell CB, Buchowski JM, Richardson WJ, Williams D, Kostuik JP. Functional outcome of plate fusions for disorders of the occipitocervical junction: a long-term follow-up. Clin Orthop 1999;359:136-145.

3.      Ahn NU, Sponseller PD, Ahn UM, Nallamshetty L, Rose PS, Buchowski JM, Garrett ES, Kuszyk BS, Fishman EK, Zinreich SJ. Dural ectasia in the Marfan syndrome: MR and CT findings and criteria. Genet Med 2000;2(3):173-179. (PMCID 12177551)

4.      Ahn NU, Ahn UM, Nallamshetty L, Rose PS, Buchowski JM, Garrett ES, Kebaish KM, Sponseller PD. The lumbar interpedicular distance is widened in adults with the Marfan syndrome. Acta Orthop Scand 2001;72(1):67-71.

5.      Ahn NU, Nallamshetty L, Ahn UM, Buchowski JM, Rose PS, Garrett ES, Kebaish KM, Sponseller PD. Dural ectasia and conventional radiography in the Marfan lumbosacral spine. Skeletal Radiol 2001;30(6):338-345.

6.      Ahn UM, Ahn NU, Nallamshetty L, Springer BD, Buchowski JM, Funches L, Garrett ES, Kostuik JP, Kebaish KM, Sponseller PD. Cauda equina syndrome in ankylosing spondylitis (the CES-AS syndrome): meta-analysis of outcomes after medical and surgical treatments. J Spinal Disord 2001;14(5):427-433. (PMCID 11586143)

7.      Nallamshetty L, Ahn NU, Ahn UM, Buchowski JM, An HS, Rose PS, Garrett ES, Erkula G, Kebaish KM, Sponseller PD. Plain radiography of the lumbosacral spine in Marfan syndrome. Spine J 2002;2(5):327-33. (PMCID 14589463)

8.      Ahn UM, Ahn NU, Buchowski JM, Kebaish KM, Lee JH, Song ES, Lemma MA, Sieber AN, Kostuik JP. Functional outcome and radiographic correction after spinal osteotomy. Spine 2002;27(12):1308-1311. (PMCID 12065978)

9.      Ahn NU, Klug RS, Noh S, Ahn UM, Hiranyashiti N, Crane B, Buchowski JM, Andersson GB, An HS. Smoking, smoking cessation, and wound complications after lumbar spine surgery. Spine J 2002;2(5 Suppl 1):113-114.

10.  Buchowski JM, Helm PA, Huckell CB, Riley LH, Ahn NU, Ahn UM, Okubadejo GO, Zinreich SJ, Kostuik JP. Evaluation of anatomical and surface registration methods for the lumbar and cervical spine using a frameless stereotactic system. Am J Orthop 2003;32(2):90-97. (2nd place winner, American Journal of Orthopedics Resident Writer’s Award, awarded March 12, 2004.)

11.  Buchowski JM, Kebaish KM, Sinkov V, Cohen DB, Sieber AN, Kostuik JP. Functional and radiographic outcome of sacroiliac arthrodesis for the disorders of the sacroiliac joint. Spine J 2005;5(5):520-8. (PMCID 16153580)

12.  Pateder DB, Park YS, Kebaish KM, Cascio BM, Buchowski JM, Song EW, Shapiro MB, Kostuik JP. Spinal fusion after revision surgery for pseudarthrosis in adult scoliosis. Spine 2006;31(11):E314-9. (PMCID 16688021)

13.  Buchowski JM, Bhatnagar R, Skaggs DL, Sponseller PD. Temporary internal distraction as an aid to correction of severe scoliosis. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2006;88(9):2035-2041. (PMCID 17768223)

14.  Okubadejo GO, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Buchowski JM, Fang DD, Baldus CR, Nielson CH, Lee CC. Aprotinin may decrease blood loss in complex adult spinal deformity surgery, but it may also increases the risk of acute renal failure. Spine 2007;32(20):2265-2271. (PMCID 17873821)

15.  Cheh G, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Buchowski JM, Daubs MD, Kim YJ, Baldus C. Adjacent segment disease following lumbar/thoracolumbar fusion with pedicle screw instrumentation: a minimum 5 year follow-up. Spine 2007;32(20):2253-2257. (PMCID 17873819)

16.  Buchowski JM, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Lehman Jr. RA, Kuhns CA, Kim YJ, Stewart D, Baldus C. Neurologic complications of lumbar pedicle subtraction osteotomy: a 10-year assessment. Spine 2007;32(20):2245-2252. (PMCID 17873818)

17.  Buchowski JM, Skaggs DL, Sponseller PD. Temporary internal distraction as an aid to correction of severe scoliosis. Surgical Technique. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2007;89:297-309. (PMCID 17768223)

18.  Kuhns CA, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Amor C, Lehman Jr. RA, Buchowski JM, Edwards C 2nd, Baldus C. Thoracolumbar deformity arthrodesis stopping at L5: fate of the L5-S1 disc, minimum 5-year follow-up. Spine 2007;32(24):2771-2776. (PMCID 18007259)

19.  Yeom JS, Kim KH, Hong SW, Park KW, Chang BS, Lee CK, Buchowski JM. A minimally invasive approach for intraforaminal disc herniations at the L5-S1 level: microdiscectomy using a tubular retractor via a contralateral approach. J Neurosurg Spine 2008;8:193-198. (PMCID 18248293)

20.  Yeom JS, Lee JW, Park KW, Chang BS, Lee CK, Buchowski JM, Riew KD. Value of diagnostic lumbar selective nerve root block: a prospective controlled study. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2008;29(5):1017-23. (PMCID 18272560)

21.  Liu G, Buchowski JM, Shen HX, Yeom JS, Riew KD. The feasibility of microscope-assisted “free-hand” C1 lateral mass screw insertion without fluoroscopy. Spine 2008;33(9):1042-1049. (PMCID 18427327)

22.  Buchowski JM, Liu G, Bunmaprasert T, Rose PS, Riew KD. Prospective anterior cervical fusion assessment: surgical exploration versus radiologic evaluation. Spine 2008;33(11):1185-91. (PMCID 1846991)

23.  Lehman Jr. RA, Lenke LG, Keeler KA, Kim YJ, Buchowski JM, Cheh G, Kuhns CA, Bridwell KH. Operative treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis with posterior pedicle screw-only constructs: minimum 3-year follow-up of 114 cases. Spine 2008;33(14):1598-1604. (PMCID 18552676)

24.  Yeom JS, Buchowski JM, Shen HX, Liu G, Bunmaprasert T, Riew KD. Effect of a fibrin sealant on drain output and length of stay after multi-level anterior cervical fusion. Spine 2008;33(16):E543-7. (PMCID 18628695)

25.  Buchowski JM, Kuhns CA, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG. Surgical management of post-traumatic thoracolumbar kyphosis. Spine J 2008;8(4):666-677. (PMCID 17662662)

26.  Riew KD, Buchowski JM, Sasso R, Zdeblick T, Metcalf NH, Anderson PA. Cervical disc arthroplasty compared with arthrodesis for the treatment of myelopathy. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2008;90(11):2354-64. (PMCID 18978404)

27.  Yeom JS, Buchowski JM, Park KW, Chang BS, Lee CK, Riew KD. Undetected vertebral artery groove and foramen violations during C1 lateral mass and C2 pedicle screw placement. Spine 2008;33(25):E942-E949. (PMCID 19050571)

28.  Rose PS, Lenke, LG, Bridwell KH, Mulconrey DS, Cronen GA, Buchowski JM, Schwend RM, Sides BA. Pedicle screw instrumentation for adult idiopathic scoliosis: an improvement over hook/hybrid fixation. Spine 2009;34(8):852-857. (PMCID 19365256)

29.  Rose PS, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Cronen GA, Mulconrey DS, Buchowski JM, Kim YJ. Role of pelvic incidence, thoracic kyphosis, and patient factors on sagittal plane correction following pedicle subtraction osteotomy. Spine 2009;34(8):785-791. (PMCID 19365245)

30.  Yeom JS, Buchowski JM, Park KW, Chang BS, Lee CK, Riew KD. A lateral fluoroscopic guide to prevent occipito-cervical and atlanto-axial joint violation during C1 lateral mass screw placement. Spine J 2009;9(7):574-579. (PMCID 19345614)

31.  O’Leary PT, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Good CR, Pichelmann MA, Buchowski JM, Kim YJ, Flynn J. Risk factors and outcomes for catastrophic failures at the top of long pedicle screw constructs: a matched cohort analysis performed at a single center. Spine 2009;34(20):2134-2139. (PMCID 19713876)

32.  Maeda T, Buchowski JM, Kim YJ, Mishiro T, Bridwell KH. Long adult spinal deformity fusion to the sacrum using rhBMP-2 versus autogenous iliac crest bone graft. Spine 2009;34(20):2205-2212. (PMCID 19752707)

33.  Buchowski JM, Anderson PA, Sekhon L, Riew KD. Cervical disc arthroplasty compared with arthrodesis for the treatment of myelopathy. Surgical Technique. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2009;91(Suppl 2):223-232. (PMCID 19805586)

34.  Liu G, Buchowski JM, Bunmaprasert T, Yeom JS, Shen H, Riew KD. Revision surgery following cervical laminoplasty: etiology and treatment strategies. Spine 2009;34(25):2760-2768. (PMCID 19940734)

35.  Shen HX, Buchowski JM, Yeom JS, Liu G, Lin N, Riew KD. Pseudarthrosis in multi-level anterior cervical fusion with rhBMP-2 and allograft: analysis of 127 cases with minimum 2-year follow-up. Spine 2010;35(7):747-753. (PMCID 20228711)

36.  Lee KM, Yeom JS, Lee JO, Buchowski JM, Park KW, Chang BS, Lee CK, Riew KD. Optimal trajectory for the atlantooccipital transarticular screw. Spine 2010;35(16):1562-1570. (PMCID 20375856)

37.  Crawford CH 3rd, Bridwell KH, Cho W, Buchowski JM, O’Shaughnessy BA, Chang MS, Auerbach JD. Extension of prior idiopathic scoliosis fusions to the sacrum: a matched cohort analysis of sixty patients with minimum two-year follow-up. Spine 2010;35(20):1843-1848. (PMCID 20802391)

38.  Estillore R, Buchowski JM, Minh DV, Park KW, Chang BS, Lee CK, Riew KD, Yeom JS. Risk of internal carotid artery injury during C1 screw placement: analysis of 160 CT-angiograms. Spine J 2011;11(4):316-23. (PMCID 21474083).

39.  Lee JO, Buchowski JM, Lee KM, Park KW, Chang BS, Lee CK, Riew KD, Yeom JS. Optimal trajectory for the occipital condylar screw. Spine 2012;37(5):385-392. (PMID 21544012)

40.  Cho W, Buchowski JM, Park Y, Maeda T, Nabb CE, Riew KD. Surgical approach to the cervicothoracic junction: can a standard Smith-Robinson approach be utilized? J Spinal Disord Tech 2012;25(5):264-7. (PMID 21566532)

41. Auerbach JD, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Sehn JK, Milby AH, Bumpass D, Crawford CH 3rd, OʼShaughnessy BA, Buchowski JM, Chang MS, Zebala LP, Sides BA. Major complications and comparison between 3-column osteotomy techniques in 105 consecutive spinal deformity procedures. Spine 2012;37(14):1198-210. (PMID 22366971)

42. Schwab F, Ungar B, Blondel B, Buchowski J, Coe J, Deinlein D, Dewald C, Mehdian H, Shaffrey C, Tribus C, Lafage V. Scoliosis Research Society-Schwab adult spinal deformity classification: a validation study. Spine 2012;37(12):1077-82. (PMID 22045006) 

43. Mall NA, Buchowski JM, Zebala LP, Wright RW, Matava M. Spine and axial skeleton injuries in the National Football League. Am J Sports Med 2012;40(8):1755-61. (PMID 22647737)

44. Stoker GE, Buchowski JM, Stoker ME. Prior cholecystectomy predicts preoperative vitamin D deficiency in adults undergoing spine surgery. Arch Surg 2012;147(6):577-8. (PMID 22786550)

45. Cho W, Maeda T, Park Y, Buchowski JM, Nabb CE, Riew KD. The incidence of bifid C7 spinous processes. Global Spine J 2012;2(2):99-104.

46. Raynor BL, Bright JD, Lenke LG, Rahman RK, Bridwell KH, Riew KD, Buchowski JM, Luhmann SJ, Padberg AM. Significant change or loss of intraoperative monitoring data: A 25-year experience in 12,375 spinal surgeries. Spine 2013 Jan 15;38(2):E101-8. (PMID 23124262)

47. Stoker GE, Buchowski JM, Kelly MP, Meyers BF, Patterson GA. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery with posterior spinal reconstruction for the resection of upper lobe lung tumors involving the spine. Spine J 2013 Jan;13(1):68-76. (PMID 23295033)

48. Stoker GE, Buchowski JM, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Riew KD, Zebala LP. Vitamin D status of adults undergoing surgical spinal fusion. Spine 2013 Mar 15;38(6):507-15. (PMID 22986835)

49. Nassif NA, Buchowski JM, Osterman K, McDonald DJ. Iliosacral reconstruction with minimal spinal instrumentation: surgical technique and early results. Clin Orthop Relat Res 2013 Mar;471(3):947-55. (PMID 23065355)

50. Kim HJ, Buchowski JM, Zebala LP, Dickson DD, Koester L, Bridwell KH. RhBMP-2 is superior to iliac crest bone graft for long construct sacropelvic fusions in adult spinal deformity: 4-14 year follow-up. Spine 2013 Jun 15;38(14):1209-1215. (PMID 23392417)

51. Yeom JS, Buchowski JM, Kim HJ, Chang BS, Lee CK, Riew KD. Risk of vertebral artery injury: comparison between C1-C2 transarticular screws and C2 pedicle screws. Spine J 2013;13:775-785. (PMID 23684237)

52. Yeom JS, Buchowski JM, Kim HJ, Chang BS, Lee CK, Riew KD. Postoperative occipital neuralgia with and without C2 nerve root transection during atlantoaxial screw fixation: a post-hoc comparative outcome study of prospectively collected data. Spine J 2013;13:786-795. (PMID 23711959)

53. Ledonio CGT, Polly DW, Crawford CH, Duval S, Smith JS, Buchowski JM, Yson SC, Larson AN, Sembrano JN, Santos ERG. Adult degenerative scoliosis surgical outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Spine Deformity 2013;1(4):248-258.

54. Dorward IG, Buchowski JM, Stoker GE, Zebala LP. Posterior cervical fusion with recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2: complications and fusion rate at minimum two-year follow-up. J Spinal Disord Tech 2013 Feb 1. [Epub ahead of print] (PMID 23381187) 

Make an Appointment

Dr. Buchowski’s Office Locations

Center for Advanced Medicine (CAM)

Barnes Jewish Hospital

4921 Parkview Place

St Louis, MO 63110

Washington University Orthopedics – Chesterfield

14532 S. Outer Forty Drive

Chesterfield, MO 63017


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